Sparse Representation (SR) has received an increasing amount of interest in recent years. It aims to find the sparsest representation of each data capturing high-level semantics among the linear combinations of the base sets in a given dictionary. In order to further improve the classification performance, the joint SR that incorporates interpixel correlation information of neighborhoods has been proposed for image pixel classification. However, joint SR method yields high computational cost. To improve the performance and computation efficiency of SR and joint SR, we propose a seeded Laplacian based on sparse representation (SeedLSR) framework for hyperspectral image classification, where a hypergraph Laplacian explicitly takes into account the local manifold structure of the hyperspectral pixel in a spatial-type weighted graph. Given the training data in a dictionary, SeedLSR algorithm firstly finds the sparse representation of hyperspectral pixels, which is used to define the spectral-type affinity matrix of an undirected graph. Then, using the training data as user-defined seeds, the final classification can be obtained by solving the combination of spectral and spatial hypergraph Laplacian quadratic problem. To assess the efficiency of the proposed SeedLSR method, experiments were performed on the scene data under daylight illumination. Compared with SR algorithm, the classification results vary smoothly along the geodesics of the data manifold.
Sparse Representation (SR) is an effective classification method. Given a set of data vectors, SR aims at finding the sparsest representation of each data vector among the linear combinations of the bases in a given dictionary. In order to further improve the classification performance, the joint SR that incorporates interpixel correlation information of neighborhoods has been proposed for image pixel classification. However, SR and joint SR demand significant amount of computational time and memory, especially when classifying a large number of pixels. To address this issue, we propose a superpixel sparse representation (SSR) algorithm for target detection in hyperspectral imagery. We firstly cluster hyperspectral pixels into nearly uniform hyperspectral superpixels using our proposed patch-based SLIC approach based on their spectral and spatial information. The sparse representations of these superpixels are then obtained by simultaneously decomposing superpixels over a given dictionary consisting of both target and background pixels. The class of a hyperspectral pixel is determined by a competition between its projections on target and background subdictionaries. One key advantage of the proposed superpixel representation algorithm with respect to pixelwise and joint sparse representation algorithms is that it reduces computational cost while still maintaining competitive classification performance. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed SSR algorithm through experiments on target detection in the in-door and out-door scene data under daylight illumination as well as the remote sensing data. Experimental results show that SSR generally outperforms state of the art algorithms both quantitatively and qualitatively.
Probabilistic atlas based on human anatomical structure has been widely used for organ segmentation. The challenge is how to register the probabilistic atlas to the patient volume. Additionally, there is the disadvantage that the conventional probabilistic atlas may cause a bias toward the specific patient study due to a single reference. Hence, we propose a template matching framework based on an iterative probabilistic atlas for organ segmentation. Firstly, we find a bounding box for the organ based on human anatomical localization. Then, the probabilistic atlas is used as a template to find the organ in this bounding box by using template matching technology. Comparing our method with conventional and recently developed atlas-based methods, our results show an improvement in the segmentation accuracy for multiple organs (p < 0:00001).