We report cylinder photon traps, prism photon traps, and SiO2/Ta2O5 antireflection films added to the active areas of short wavelength infrared detectors. The total device thickness was estimated ~3.3μm and with the p-i-n structure based on antimonide. The simulation results show that the photon traps increase the absorption of the invisible spectrum distinctly. Also, the optical measurements reveal that maximal responsivity of the detector with PTs array is 0.094A/W in the visible range and 0.64A/W in the short wavelength infrared spectrum. The responsivity in the wavelength of short-wave infrared can be increased apparently as well. Thus, the photon traps array may a potential method for antimonide-based visible to short wavelength infrared bispectral photodetector.
In this paper, a mid-/long-wave dual-band detector with N-M-π-B-π-N sturcture was developed based on type-II InAs/GaSb superlattice was fabricated by adopting the dual-band structure. The dual-band detector epi-layer presented high crystalline quality of epi-layers. The two channels, with respective 50% cut-off wavelength at 3.5 μm and 11.8 μm were obtained. The peak quantum efficiency (QE) of mid wavelength infrared (MWIR) band and long wavelength infrared (LWIR) band were 22% at 2.7 μm under no bias voltage and 23% at 9.1 μm under -180 mV, respectively. The resistance under 0 and -180 mV of applied bias were 1.7×104 Ω·cm2 and 97 Ω·cm2. Due to the high resistance of long wavelength infrared channel, the specific detectivity of LWIR band maintains above 1011 cm·Hz1/2/W from 4.5 μm to 12.6 μm under - 180 mV at 77K. Finally, the thermal images of both channel were taken by the fabricated FPA.
Near-infrared InAs/GaSb Type-Ⅱ superlattices is widely used in biomimetics, sensing, color-imaging technology and other applications. An antireflection coating(AR coating) can help it perform better, making the infrared photodetector a higher responstivity and also a higher quantum efficiency. We produce a broadband AR coating by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition(PECVD) then using the lift-off technology making no damage without any change in the usual Infrared detector process flow, a 260 nm SiO2 AR coating is transform onto the surface of the infrared photodetector. After using the AR coating, the antireflection can provide up to 40% light gain, while the average reflectivity of the surface of InAs/GaSb type-Ⅱ superlattice is decreased from 33% to 14%. The responsitivity is increased obviously.
We report three kinds of surface passivation for AlxInyAsSb APD, which are SiO2, SiO2 after sulfuration and SU8 2005 treatments. A good sidewall profile of mesas were etch by Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) to 2.6μm depth. The order of dark current for device with SU8 passivation is less than -12 under the temperature of 100K. Dark current and photocurrent increase linearly with diameter of mesa. Also, the devices with different passivation methods produce photocurrent excited by incident power. The measurements are consistent with CV modeling and electric field simulations.