In our work, we employ the resonant electromagnetic properties of III-V semiconductor nanowires to design building blocks for nonlinear all-dielectric metamaterials and devices. Contrary to widely used Si and Ge nanostructures, III-V materials, such as GaAs or AlGaAs, have a direct band gap and non-centrosymmetric crystal structure, which makes them promising for the development of nonlinear metamaterials. We developed an innovative approach to fabricate disk and rod nanoantennas by slicing bottom-up grown nanowires using a focused ion beam milling (FIB). The proposed method allows to significantly decrease the influence of the substrate on the electromagnetic field distribution inside the nanoantenna and it opens the possibility to use any substrate regardless of the nanostructure fabrication process. With this technique, we study the influence of geometry, design and crystal structure on the characteristics of all-dielectric nanoantennas. It offers unique opportunities to fabricate high-quality structures with variable radii, longitudinal heterostructures with lattice-mismatched materials, and structures with different refractive indexes and crystal phases that are not available in bulk materials.
Near-field optical forces arise from evanescent electromagnetic fields and can be advantageously used for on-chip
optical trapping. In this work, we investigate how evanescent fields at the surface of photonic cavities can efficiently trap
micro-objects such as polystyrene particles and bacteria. We study first the influence of trapped particle’s size on the
trapping potential and introduce an original optofluidic near-field optical microscopy technique. Then we analyze the
rotational motion of trapped clusters of microparticles and investigate their possible use as microfluidic micro-tools such
as integrated micro-flow vane. Eventually, we demonstrate efficient on-chip optical trapping of various kinds of bacteria.