Enzymatic digestion and peptide separation are basic steps for preparation of protein samples prior to their analysis by mass spectrometry. Micro-pillar reactors for digestion and reverse phase liquid chromatography were designed and constructed using semiconductor technologies. The performances of the micro-machined reactors were evaluated: complete Cytochrome C digestion was achieved in 6 min for a concentration up to 25 pmol.μl-1 and the separation micro-column was seen to exhibit separation capabilities and capacity close to those obtained with a commercial column. Furthermore, a comparative study between hydrodynamic and electroosmotic driven flows was performed for each peptide of a Cytochrome C digest. It was demonstrated that parasitic electrophoretic phenomena disturbed peptide mobility but not protein identification.
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