Monitoring dam displacements using different techniques allows an evaluation of their structural behaviour over time. In this study, dam displacements (for the Castello dam, Agrigento, Italy) have been investigated using different Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) techniques exploiting a freely available dataset from the EU Copernicus Sentinel-1 SAR built by the European Space Agency (ESA). The dataset includes Sentinel 1A (S1A) images acquired in dual-polarization and Interferometric Wide (IW) swath using the Terrain Observation with Progressive Scans SAR (TOPSAR) mode. Three main Multi-Baseline Construction methods based on the identification of Persistent Scatterers (PS) have been tested, within a scene including an extra-urban area surrounding the dam. The evaluation of the best strategy is carried out over few images (7) with a constant acquisition time-span of 12 days, except for the first image, acquired 24 days before the next one. Three different multi-baseline construction methods have been investigated in this preliminary research to test the capability of these InSAR techniques in finding a time series of displacements with high accuracy in extra-urban areas also. The star graph results in displacement appear to be more in agreement with GNSS measurements than other techniques.
The matching between reservoirs’ water edge and digital elevation model’s (DEM) contour lines allowed determining the water level at the acquisition date of satellite images. A preliminary study was conducted on the Castello dam (Magazzolo Lake), between Alessandria della Rocca and Bivona (Agrigento, south-Italy). The accuracy assessment of the technique was than evaluated from the comparison between classified and reference objects using similarity metrics about the shape, theme, edge and position, through the plugin STEP of open source software GIS. Moreover, an independent GIS technique was implemented to evaluate the water level, based on a distances’ array between existing contour lines and nodes extracted from vectorised classification images. Results have shown the potentiality of the techniques when applied on an ideal case; advantages and disadvantages when the images are characterized by clear sky, and limits when images are acquired during not ideal atmospheric conditions.