In the framework of the Extremely Large Telescope design study, the Work Package (WP) 12000 is studying the Site
Characterization for an European Extremely Large Telescope. In particular, INAF is in the WP 12300 group for the
Large scale atmospheric properties study. Previous studies done in many astronomical sites have been optimized on
spatial scales comparable with 3-4meter to 10meter class telescopes. The strong interest of the Astronomical Community
in giant telescopes imposes a different site characterization opportune for 30-40meter class telescopes.
One of the central point in the Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes is given from the achievable sky
coverage. Generally speaking, sky coverage is dominated by the high altitude layers correction. In other words ground
layer adaptive optics has a sky coverage much larger than other kind of corrections. That means that ways to meliorate
the sky coverage in the sensing of high altitude layers can be very effective in terms of overall performances. Moreover,
there are good reasons to translate high coherence time of flowing layers, in a generalized Taylor assumption, into larger
This poster presents the optical design of TOE, The Onduline Experiment, a WaveFront Sensor for sensing a Very Large
Field of View on-board the VLT and possibly other telescopes as Gran TeCan in Canary islands. Such a WFS is to be
intended as a tool to probe the atmospheric parameters in the free atmosphere (i.e. far from the ground layer) on a linear
scale of the same order of magnitude of the diameter of the ELTs under consideration in this period.