The High Energy cosmic-Radiation Detection (HERD) facility is one of several space astronomy payloads of the cosmic light house program onboard China's Space Station, which is planned for operation starting around 2020 for about 10 years. Beam test with a HERD prototype, to verify the HERD specifications and the reading out method of wavelength shifting fiber and image intensified CCD, was taken at CERN SPS in November, 2015. The prototype is composed of an array of 5*5*10 LYSO crystals, which is 1/40th of the scale of HERD calorimeter. Experimental results on the performances of the calorimeter are discussed.
We propose an approach to correct the data of the airborne large-aperture static image spectrometer (LASIS). LASIS is a kind of stationary interferometer which compromises flux output and device stability. It acquires a series of interferograms to reconstruct the hyperspectral image cube. Reconstruction precision of the airborne LASIS data suffers from the instability of the plane platform. Usually, changes of plane attitudes, such as yaws, pitches, and rolls, can be precisely measured by the inertial measurement unit. However, the along-track and across-track translation errors are difficult to measure precisely. To solve this problem, we propose a co-optimization approach to compute the translation errors between the interferograms using an image registration technique which helps to correct the interferograms with subpixel precision. To demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach, experiments are run on real airborne LASIS data and our results are compared with those of the state-of-the-art approaches.
Due to the manufacturing technique, some kinds of CCD, such as the back illuminated CCD, have the problem of spectral response nonuniformity. The near infrared light passing through the substrate and gates and is reflected back into the substrate for a second pass resulting in increased response. For the Fourier transform imaging spectrometer, it adds stripe pattern error to the interferogram and distorts the reconstructed spectrum. The nonuniform response is wavelength dependent due to changes in reflectivity of metal and the cavity formed by silicon and metal with transparent dielectric, so it adds difficulty to the correction of the error of the reconstructed spectrum.
In order to reduce the error of the reconstructed spectrum, in this paper, a calibration method and a correction method to correct the error caused by the CCD spectral response nonuniformity was developed, basing on analysis of the property of the CCD spectral response nonuniformity. Firstly, a calibrated monochromater was used to measure the CCD spectral response nonuniformity and the property and affect of the CCD spectral response nonuniformity were analyzed. Method to correct the error of the reconstructed spectrum caused by the stripe pattern error was developed. Secondly, to calibrate the CCD spectral response nonuniformity, the spectral response coefficient and the spatial response nonuniformity coefficient was measured and computed. Finally, we took data with a Fourier transform imaging spectrometer, and got the correction results of the reconstructed spectrums. The results showed that the distortion of recovered spectrum was evidently reduced and the effect of the calibration and correction method was proved.