Sol-gel route has been successfully achieved to obtain pure Y3Al5O12 and Y3Al5O12:Eu3+ powders and films. Advanced YAG coatings were achieved by two techniques, the spray and dip-coating methods, giving rise to different characteristics and properties. The materials structure and microstructure were analyzed by means of X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. It has been shown that sol-gel processed YAG powders crystallize around 900°C whereas a temperature much higher is necessary to obtain this compound by solid state synthesis (≈ 1500°C). Additionally the surface of the films was observed by atomic force microscopy. Eventually, laser induced luminescence spectra, as well as luminescence decays of Eu3+ ions show undoubtedly the spectral features of a Eu3+ emitting centre embedded in a unique site of D2 symmetry.