Photosensitive materials and optical information processing technologies based on holographic and photonic techniques are suffering a huge improvement. Furthermore Spatial Light Modulators (SLMs) based on LCoS microdisplays (PALCoS) open new possibilities to modulate the wavefront of a light beam. The improving of the models of the photopolymers as optical recording material together with the modelling of PALCoS, high resolution reflective devices, make possible the generation and recording of Diffractive Optical Elements (DOE) on the photosensitive materials. This DOEs have many important applications in photonics, communications of optical information processing. Working with a setup based on a LCoS display as a master, we can store complex DOEs. We used in this work PVA/AA based on acrylamide with coverplating and index matching system to avoid the influence of the thickness variation on the transmitted light in the material. With the 3-Dimensional diffusion model we can predict the DOE properties before recording and optimize the recording time and the exposure dose. Experimental data is compared with the simulation results to evaluate the accuracy of our model to reproduce the recording of any kind of complex DOE onto a photopolymer. This allows us to choose the appropriate characteristics for the material depending on the application and evaluate the influence of different parameters involved in the DOE generation. In this work we evaluate the simulation of the recording of optical vortexes, axicons, fork gratings and diffractive lenses comparing with the results using our experimental set-up.
Commercial non-tunable q-plates have become popular optical elements to generate vector beams at the design wavelength where the device exhibits half-wave (HW) retardance. However, their use is restricted since both the topological charge and the operating wavelength are set in fabrication. In this work, we report how to make such commercial q-plates more versatile for generating vector beams of higher topological charge and in different wavelength ranges. First, we show how to add, subtract or change the sign of the charge, by combining q-plates with HW plates. Second, we perform a broadband spectral characterization of the q-plate retardance, and identify the wavelengths with retardance values relevant for vector beam generation π, ±π/2). The wavelength is then used as a tuning parameter to change the device performance from a HW q-plate to a QW q-plate. The vector beams expected at these QW wavelengths are obtained as a superposition of the input polarization state and the output state of a HW q-plate. Experimental results are shown using the red and blue lines of an Ar-Kr laser. For input linearly polarized light of 488 nm the device generates hybrid vector beams (where the ellipticity varies with the azimuthal angle), while for 647 nm pure radial vector beams with constant ellipticity are obtained. These results could extend the use of commercial q-plates for multicolor vector beam applications.