Nanoimprint lithography is used to fabricate a metamaterial with the "fishnet" structure composed of Ag/a-Si/Ag layers
that exhibits negative refractive index in the near-infrared. We have carried out a femtosecond pump-probe experiment
to measure the transient photo-induced response of this structure. With a pump fluence of 330μJ/cm<sub>2</sub> at 800nm, the
transmission at the magnetic resonance is increased by ~15.4%. The induced change originated from carrier excitation in
the a-Si layer has a fast decay constant of 1.1ps.
In this paper we present a polarization based technique for optical sectioning and imaging of multi-layer cell patterns separated by a weakly diffused media. Multi-layer cell pattern is important to study because this type of structure is often used for heterogeneous three dimensional cell culture and bio-chips applications, where information at different depths would be crucial. Functioning of this type of bi-layer or multilayer cell patterns can easily be monitored using polarization based imaging techniques. For polarization based imaging, samples are excited by white light source with different set of band-pass filter and linear polarizer, and images are collected
through corresponding long-pass filters and analyzer by CCD camera. Preliminary experiments are carried out using absorption inhomogeneity separated by a weakly diffused thin polymer layers. Polarized images at various angles are collected at a set of excitation wavelength. Such measurements can identify 3x3 sub-matrix elements out of the full 4x4 sixteen elements of Mueller matrix. In order to enhance the image contrast, the 3x3 Mueller components are further decomposed into diattenuation and depolarization power images. Superficial layer image information is found to be more prominent in the depolarization power images, and diattenuation images provide sub layer information. By comparing the decomposition images at various wavelengths, we can observe sub-layer structures at different depths.