Bioluminescence is an environmental factor which can significantly impact the detection of Naval Forces in the field and in port. Similarly, bioluminescence visualization at night can help locate divers and fast boats in areas where they might pose a threat to Naval and metropolitan high value assets. Coastal waters accumulate large populations of bioluminescent organisms making transit of personnel and vehicles through this zone susceptible to detection by the unaided dark adapted eye and low light level intensified camera systems. Consequently, there is a need for measuring coastal bioluminescence on a routine continuous basis to aid in maritime protection and alerting homeland security personnel to submerged and transiting targets in real time during the hours of darkness. The challenge is to assess the bioluminescence levels (levels of detection) within areas of concern on a continuing basis. SPAWAR Systems Center, San Diego has developed and tested autonomous buoys (BioBuoy) to measure the intensity of bioluminescence, water clarity, and temperature which permits operators to know when targets will be visible at night. The integration of the buoy system with an automated image intensification camera system would actually locate the potential target for interdiction.