We demonstrate that a hybrid c-Si/Au nanocavity can serve as a multifunctional sensing platform for nanoscale (about 100 nm) thermometry with high accuracy (>0.4 K) and fast response (<0.1 second), controlled local optical heating up to 1200 K and also provide Raman scattering enhancement (>10^4 fold). The system has been tested in the experiment on thermally induced unfolding of BSA molecules, plased inside the hybrid nanocavity. Moreover, numerical modeling reveal, that two possible operation modes of the system: with and without considerable optical heating at the nanometer scale, while other functionalities (nanothermometry, RS enhancement, and tracing the events) are preserved. These regimes make the hybrid nanocavity more versatile sensing system than fully plasmonic counterparts. The simplicity and multifunctionality of the hybrid nanocavity make it a promising platform for photochemistry and photophysics applications.