The 1/f resistance noise of a two-dimensional (2D) hole system in a high mobility GaAs quantum well has been measured on both sides of the 2D metal-insulator transition (MIT) at zero magnetic field (B = 0), and deep in the insulating regime. The two measurement methods used are described: I or V fixed, and measurement of resp. Vor I fluctuations. The normalized noise magnitude SR/R2 increases strongly when the hole density is decreased, and its temperature (T) dependence goes from a slight increase with T at the largest densities, to a strong decrease at low density. We find that the noise magnitude scales with the resistance, SR/R2 ~ R2.4. Such a scaling is expected for a second order phase transition or a percolation transition. The possible presence of such a transition is investigated by studying the dependence of the conductivity as a function of the density. This dependence is consistent with a critical behavior close to a critical density p* lower than the usual MIT critical density pc.