IASI is an infrared atmospheric sounder. It will provide meteorologist and scientific community with atmospheric spectra. The IASI system includes 3 instruments that will be mounted on the Metop satellite series, a data processing software integrated in the EPS (EUMETSAT Polar System) ground segment and a technical expertise centre implemented in CNES Toulouse.
The instrument is composed of a Fourier transform spectrometer and an associated infrared imager. The optical configuration is based on a Michelson interferometer and the interferograms are processed by an on-board digital processing subsystem, which performs the inverse Fourier transforms and the radiometric calibration. The infrared imager co-registers the IASI soundings with AVHRR imager (AVHRR is another instrument on the Metop satellite). The presentation will focus on the architectures of the instrument, the description of the implemented technologies and the measured performance of the first flight model.
CNES is leading the IASI program in association with EUMETSAT. The instrument Prime is ALCATEL SPACE.
The Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) is a key payload element of the METOP series of European meteorological polar-orbit satellites. IASI will provide very accurate data about the atmosphere, land and oceans for application to weather predictions and climate studies. The IASI measurement technique is based on passive IR remote sensing using an accurately calibrated Fourier Transform Spectrometer operating in the 3.7 - 15.5 μm spectral range and an associated infrared imager operating in the 10.3-12.5 μm spectral range. The optical configuration of the sounder is based on a Michelson interferometer. Interferograms are processed by the on-board digital processing subsystem which performs the inverse Fourier Transform and the radiometric calibration. The integrated infrared imager allows the co registration of the IASI sounder with AVHRR imager on-board METOP.
The first model (proto-flight) of IASI has successfully completed a verification program conducted at ALCATEL SPACE premises in Cannes. This paper provides a brief overview of the IASI mission, instrument architecture and key performances results. A companion paper1 by Alcatel provides more information on instrument design and development.
The purpose of this paper is to present the IASI overall architecture and the IASI functional chain including optics and interferometer, analogue to digital acquisition, on board and on ground digital processing. It points out special features of IASI's design and critical technologies. The IASI technical description is followed by a development status including activities on breadboards, engineering models, proto flight and flight models with emphasis put on achieved critical steps. A companion paper by CNES will provide detailed information on the IASI mission and instrument key performance achievement.