The study of using a cyclone collector with a liquid recirculation phase for collecting microparticles of TNT (trinitrotoluene) explosive, located in the form of traces on solid and fibrous surfaces was conducted in this work. Fragments of fibrous nonwoven material, as well as flax fabric fragments were used as a basis on which TNT powder was randomly distributed. The TNT sample area was about 900 cm2 . The cyclone collector with recirculating liquid phase originally designed for aerosol particles collection was used as a device for pre-concentration of explosives particles. Inlet air velocity was equal to 500 cm3 /min. Quantitative measurements of collected TNT amount were provided by gas chromatography – mass-spectrometry method. Experiments to compare the efficiency of cyclone collector sampling to the currently used methods of explosives microparticles collection - by wiping of surfaces and by dry filtration - were carried out. Cyclone collector showed high collection efficiency, amounting to 91% by weight of originally TNT spread on the surface that is more than 3 times higher than efficiencies of the wiping method (24% of the total mass of the trace) and the dry filtration method (23% of the total mass of the trace).