Many optical systems used in the infrared spectrum have, so far, adopted binary optical elements (BOE) to achieve a better performance. Especially, in the middle and long infrared spectrum, binary optical elements are commonly used. Thus, limited by the manufacture technology, the applications of binary optics in the visible spectrum are rare. This tentative research aims at finding the practicability of applying BOEs in the visible spectrum. We attempted to replace the reference lens group in the interferometer with a harmonic diffractive/refractive hybrid lens group, expecting that the wave aberration be well-corrected. In this paper, the main procedure of designing a hybrid optical system is introduced with an example of “F2” lens group. After the analysis on the interference pattern and wave front, the comparison between the tested result and theoretical result can be made. It demonstrates that the hybrid optical system is capable of being applied in the visible spectrum. The analysis also discloses that raising the diffractive efficiency is the next step for us to take.
A novel micro fluid oscillator with a boron diffused resistor is proposed in this paper. The actuation principle is based on the combination of Marangoni effect. The contemporary microfabrication technique enables us to fabricate microheater tiny enough to control temperature so quickly and precisely in micro length scale. The devices exhibiting the Marangoni effect in square channels were designed and fabricated from one silicon substrate and two quartz substrates. And the three substrates were aligned, bonded and packaged for testing. In this actuator there is a pair of micro-heaters to produce a thermal gradient along the slit. The driving wattage is about 0.1W and the resistors can make a temperature difference about 100 degrees during 0.1s with a pulsewidth of 20us for 0.1A current pulses. Then the movement is driven towards the lower temperature direction by the interfacial tension of the air-liquid interface. This micro fluid actuator can play important role in many liquid micro-systems such as in micromotor and micro valve.