In the current work we address the problem of quantum process tomography (QPT) in the case of imperfect preparation and measurement of the states which are used for QPT. The fuzzy measurements approach which helps us to efficiently take these imperfections into account is considered. However, to implement such a procedure one should have a detailed information about the errors. An approach for obtaining the partial information about them is proposed. It is based on the tomography of the ideal identity gate. This gate could be implemented by performing the measurement right after the initial state preparation. By using the result of the identity gate tomography we were able to significantly improve further QPT procedures. The proposed approach has been tested experimentally on the IBM superconducting quantum processor. As a result, we have obtained an increase in fidelity from 89% to 98% for Hadamard transformation and from 77% to 95% for CNOT gate.
Classical machine learning theory and theory of quantum computations are among of the most rapidly developing scientific areas in our days. In recent years, researchers investigated if quantum computing can help to improve classical machine learning algorithms. The quantum machine learning includes hybrid methods that involve both classical and quantum algorithms. Quantum approaches can be used to analyze quantum states instead of classical data. On other side, quantum algorithms can exponentially improve classical data science algorithm. Here, we show basic ideas of quantum machine learning. We present several new methods that combine classical machine learning algorithms and quantum computing methods. We demonstrate multiclass tree tensor network algorithm, and its approbation on IBM quantum processor. Also, we introduce neural networks approach to quantum tomography problem. Our tomography method allows us to predict quantum state excluding noise influence. Such classical-quantum approach can be applied in various experiments to reveal latent dependence between input data and output measurement results.
We present a general approach to the classical dynamical systems simulation. This approach is based on classical systems extension to quantum states. The proposed theory can be applied to analysis of multiple (including nonHamiltonian) dissipative dynamical systems. As examples, we consider the logistic model, the Van der Pol oscillator, dynamical systems of Lorenz, Rössler (including Rössler hyperchaos) and Rabinovich-Fabrikant. Developed methods and algorithms integrated in quantum simulators will allow us to solve a wide range of problems with scientific and practical significance.
The relationship between quantum physics and discrete mathematics is reviewed in this article. The Boolean functions unitary representation is considered. The relationship between Zhegalkin polynomial, which defines the algebraic normal form of Boolean function, and quantum logic circuits is described. It is shown that quantum information approach provides simple algorithm to construct Zhegalkin polynomial using truth table. Developed methods and algorithms have arbitrary Boolean function generalization with multibit input and multibit output. Such generalization allows us to use many-valued logic (k-valued logic, where k is a prime number). Developed methods and algorithms can significantly improve quantum technology realization. The presented approach is the baseline for transition from classical machine logic to quantum hardware.
In this report we present a general approach for estimating quantum circuits by means of measurements. We apply the developed general approach for estimating the quality of superconducting and optical quantum chips. Using the methods of quantum states and processes tomography developed in our previous works, we have defined the adequate models of the states and processes under consideration.
The new method of multivariate data analysis based on the complements of classical probability distribution to quantum state and Schmidt decomposition is presented. We considered Schmidt formalism application to problems of statistical correlation analysis. Correlation of photons in the beam splitter output channels, when input photons statistics is given by compound Poisson distribution is examined. The developed formalism allows us to analyze multidimensional systems and we have obtained analytical formulas for Schmidt decomposition of multivariate Gaussian states. It is shown that mathematical tools of quantum mechanics can significantly improve the classical statistical analysis. The presented formalism is the natural approach for the analysis of both classical and quantum multivariate systems and can be applied in various tasks associated with research of dependences.
Three different levels of noisy quantum schemes modeling are considered: vectors, density matrices and Choi- Jamiolkowski related states. The implementations for personal computers and supercomputers are described, and the corresponding results are shown. For the level of density matrices, we present the technique of the fixed rank approximation and show some analytical estimates of the fidelity level.