Recently, LED-based sources with high luminance (109 cd/m2 ) have been developed. These sources can be applied in projection systems, as well as in other applications requiring high luminance. The technology makes use of a transparent phosphor rod that is pumped by a multitude of blue LEDs. Most of the converted light is guided in the rod towards one of its small sides, where it is extracted using suitable extraction optics. The radiant conversion efficiency (blue flux to converted flux) is presently approaching 0.3. The causes for this limitation are discussed. The available phosphor materials emit light in various wavelength regions, ranging from green to yellow and red. These can be used in various light sources, e.g. for DLP and LCD projection.
The concept of an LED-based source with high lumen density is described. It contains a luminescent rod in which LED light is converted to light with a longer wavelength that is extracted from a small face of the rod. The fundamental limitations and possibilities are discussed, as well as the constituents needed. Results are shown for two realized high lumen density sources. A source with YAG:Ce as phosphor is extensively characterized and the results are compared to modeling results. A source with an optimized green emitting phosphor is used for projection. With 64 pump LEDs at 490 W peak electrical input and 50% duty cycle, a peak luminous flux of 18000 lm and a peak luminance of over 1000 cd/mm2 is obtained, with an efficacy of 37 peak lm/W.
Although LEDs have been introduced successfully in many general lighting applications during the past decade, high brightness light source applications are still suffering from the limited luminance of LEDs. High power LEDs are generally limited in luminance to ca 100 Mnit (108 lm/m2sr) or less, while dedicated devices for projection may achieve luminance values up to ca 300 Mnit with phosphor converted green. In particular for high luminous flux applications with limited étendue, like in front projection systems, only very modest luminous flux values in the beam can be achieved with LEDs compared to systems based on discharge lamps. In this paper we introduce a light engine concept based on a light converter rod pumped with blue LEDs that breaks through the étendue and brightness limits of LEDs, enabling LED light source luminance values that are more than 4 times higher than what can be achieved with LEDs so far. In LED front projection systems, green LEDs are the main limiting factor. With our green light emitting modules, peak luminance values well above 1.2 Gnit have been achieved, enabling doubling of the screen brightness of LED based DLP projection systems, and even more when this technology is applied to other colors as well. This light source concept, introduced as the ColorSpark High Lumen Density (HLD) LED technology, enables a breakthrough in the performance of LED-based light engines not only for projection, where >2700 ANSI lm was demonstrated, but for a wide variety of high brightness applications.
Secondary optics that allow for the integration of a light-emitting diode (LED)-based luminescent light source into various étendue-limited applications—such as projection systems—are investigated. Using both simulations and experiments, we have shown that the optical efficacy of the luminescent light source can be increased using a collimator. A thorough analysis of the influence of the collimator’s refractive index on the optical outcoupling and luminance is investigated and it is shown that it is most optimal to use a refractive index of 1.5. The optimal shape of the collimator is equal to that of a compound parabolic concentrator. Experimental results show that by using a collimator, we can improve the amount of outcoupled light with a factor of 1.8 up to 2.1 depending on the used optical configuration of the LED-based luminescent light source.
Progress is reported on cover-layer incident Near-Field Recording. Very good recording results are obtained on a CuSi disc demonstrating excellent signal quality with modulation corresponding to the full effective numerical aperture of 1.45. Comparing the Near-Field system with Blu-ray Disc further shows that an extension to at least 4 data layers should be possible. In addition, a method for dynamic tilt control is presented. Controlling the tilt between the solid immersion lens and the disc surface improves the system robustness and relaxes media manufacturing tolerances for a roadmap towards 500 GB capacity on a single-sided, 4-layer disc which is protected by a polymer cover-layer.
We present our progress on the development of a single-wavelength near-field recording system with a blue-violet laser and a NA=1.45 Solid Immersion Lens in a conventional 3D actuator. We will introduce our near-field optical recorder and present good recording results achieved on discs with a 3 μm thick spin-coated protective polymer cover-layer using a channel bit length of 43.7 nm. Furthermore, we will show recent results on high-speed near-field readout, up to 3xBD speeds, through a cover-layer using feed-forward control in the air gap servo system.
This paper discusses several issues related to adaptation and timing recovery for 2D Optical Storage. PRML detection in the form of a stripe-wise Viterbi detector is used. A 2D equalizer is applied to transform the channel response to a target response with limited span.