The surface plasmon erupted by bare metallic film has limitation of localizing high intensity field. Thus, nanostructures on the metallic film (such as nanowire, nanopost) have been used to enhance the Plasmon field by antenna effect. In the case of nanowire, field is highly localized at the sharpened edge of the nanowire. If there is an additional enhancing factor such as a gap between the edges of the nanostructures, area of highly localized field is formed. By adopting reversed trapezoidal structure, we expected to control area and intensity of highly localized plasmon field from both the nano-antenna effect and the gap plasmonic effect. So, we simulated trapezoidal nanowire structure changing the ratio of bottom length and top length of nanostructure. Then we can observe the variation of Plasmon field and intensity. In addition, we can obtain unusual result that the intensity of Plasmon field is highly reduced at specific ratio of bottom length and top length.
Recently, the portable and wearable electronic devices, operated in the power range of microwatt to miliwatt, become available thank to the nanotechnology development and become an essential element for a comfortable life. Our recent research interest mainly focuses on the fabrication of piezoelectric nanogenerators based on smart nanomaterials such as zinc oxide novel nanostructure, M13 bacteriophage. In this talk, we present a simple strategy for fabricating the freestanding ZnO nanorods/graphene/ZnO nanorods double sided heterostructures. The characterization of the double sided heterostructures by using SEM, and Raman scattering spectroscopy reveals the key process and working mechanism of a formation of the heterostructure. The mechanism is discussed in detail in term of the decomposed seed layer and the vacancy defect of graphene. The approach consists of a facile one-step fabrication process and could achieve ZnO coverage with a higher number density than that of the epitaxial single heterostructure. The resulting improvement in the number density of nanorods has a direct beneficial effect on the double side heterostructured nanogenerator performance. The total output voltage and current density are improved up to~2 times compared to those of a single heterostructure due to the coupling of the piezoelectric effects from both upward and downward grown nanorods. The facile one-step fabrication process suggests that double sided heterostructures would improve the performance of electrical and optoelectrical device, such as touch pad, pressure sensor, biosensor and dye-sensitized solar cells. Further, ioinspired nanogenerators based on vertically aligned phage nanopillars are inceptively demonstrated. Vertically aligned phage nanopillars enable not only a high piezoelectric response but also a tuneable piezoelectricity. Piezoelectricity is also modulated by tuning of the protein's dipoles in each phage. The sufficient electrical power from phage nanopillars thus holds promise for the development of self-powered implantable and wearable electronics.