SONG (Stellar Oscillation Network Group) is an international project to form a global observing network of eight 1- meter class telescopes. China joined this project and funded one node telescope for this network. By the end of 2013, the Chinese SONG telescope has been installed on the Delinha observing site of Purple Mountain Observatory in Qinghai province. This paper will give the introduction of this telescope, including its optical system, structure and control system. Besides, the preliminary observing performance of the telescope on site will be given in the second part of this paper.
SONG is an international initiative to design, build, and utilize a global network of eight 1-meter class
telescopes to be operated as a whole-Earth telescope. The telescope is composed of system of azimuth axis, rotating
table, fork, system of elevation axis, top-ring, up and down truss, system of primary mirror and so on. For an
astronomical telescope mount, having a high stiffness to support the mirror cell and instruments is its basic function.
Finite element method (FEM) is a powerful tool to help structure design engineer to achieve this goal. In this paper, with
the help of ANSYS, the static and modal analysis, calculation and optimization of the SONG telescope mount will be
given. The modal result which is used for avoiding resonance and fatigue failure of the telescope acquire natural
frequency of telescope. The FEM results show that the structure, designed for SONG telescope, is feasible and reliable
and have a high stiffness-to-weight ratio to meet the optical demands.
SONG is initiated by Danish to design, build, and utilize a global network of eight 1-meter class telescopes to be
operated as a whole-Earth telescope. China has joined the international SONG project in 2009 and will build one 1-meter
telescope as the node of SONG global network in China. Now the telescope is during the period of building. This paper
will give an introduction of Chinese SONG telescope, including telescope requirements, telescope design and other
Active support scheme may decide the deformation of the optical surface figure of the primary mirror. Two active
support schemes have been designed for 1-m primary mirror, and the performance of each support scheme is conducted.
Finite element analysis (FEA) is employed to analyze the optical surface figures of the primary mirror, and optimizations
are carried out by using ANSYS for each support scheme to obtain the locations of the axial support. When the locations
are determined, axial support force sensitivities are calculated for the two support schemes in a case that a single axial
support has a force error of 0.5N. The correction ability of the active support system for both of support schemes are
analyzed when an arbitrary axial support is failure. Several low order Zernike modes are modeled with MATLAB
procedure, and active optics corrections are applied to these modes for the two active supports. Thermal deformation of
the mirror is also corrected for the two schemes.
The standard SONG node structure of control system is presented. The active optical control system of the project is a
distributed system, and a host computer and a slave intelligent controller are included. The host control computer collects
the information from wave front sensor and sends commands to the slave computer to realize a closed loop model. For
intelligent controller, a programmable logic controller (PLC) system is used. This system combines with industrial
personal computer (IPC) and PLC to make up a control system with powerful and reliable.
Proc. SPIE. 7733, Ground-based and Airborne Telescopes III
KEYWORDS: Telescopes, Mirrors, Astronomy, Control systems, Computer programming, Information technology, Astronomical telescopes, Astronomical imaging, Optical instrument design, Control systems design
Telescope is a very important tool for astronomers to survey and study the stellar stars and astronomical phenomena. The
performance of a telescope is its capability to track the observing objects and keep the image on the field of view during
the observing period. All these functions will be achieved by telescope mount, including mount control system. The
mount is to support the mirror cell and keep the mirror cell position stability. Meanwhile, with the help of control
system, the mount acts as tracker of the observing objects. So, for a telescope, the mount and its control system play an
important role during the telescope operation. This paper gives an introduction of a mount structure designed for a 2.5m
optical/infrared telescope and the corresponding control system. Some of preliminary test results are also given in this