Orbit target IR model can be used to design orbit target detection sensor, generating simulation data to validate the data processing algorithms, such as the target detection and tracking. In the work, a novel orbit target IR model is built. IR detection uses the difference between the target and the background to achieve the target effectually. In order to increase the application ability, the IR model consists of the orbit target and the celestial background. The geometry module and IR radiometric module make up the orbit target IR model. The professional geometry modeling software CAD is used to build the geometry model. The reflection between the subassembly is considered in the radiometric, because the thermal control coat of the satellite (such as optical solar reflector) has very high specular reflectance generally. The Midcourse Space Experiment (MSX) catalog is used to calculate the IR celestial IR background. The IR radiation provided by the MSX is used to calculate the equivalent temperature and the observation angle by the SPSO (Stochastic Particle Swarm Optimization) method. The transfer algorithm adopted in this paper is compared with the Monte-Carlo method, and the results show that the relative deviation between them is less than 10%.
Infrared thermal imaging technology uses the detector to receive infrared radiation from the measured object, and the object temperature distribution will be changed into a visual image by signal processing system. The accuracy of measuring temperature will be affected by the surface emission rate, reflectivity, atmospheric attenuation, and background radiation and environmental effect under normal temperature and pressure conditions. In order to realize the accurate temperature measurement under the condition of ultra-high vacuum and cryogenic environment, the general formula of the theoretic temperature of measured object surface is deduced, which based on the principle of thermal radiation and temperature measurement by infrared thermal imager. In this paper, the impact factors of temperature measurement accuracy of long-wave infrared thermal imaging system under those conditions are analyzed, and various theoretical numerical value of factors are plotted on the curve of precious accuracy temperature measurement. The results of analysis for the thermal imaging system will improve temperature measurement precision in vacuum thermal test, which have active practical significance.
FOV separation (between VNIR sensor and SWIR sensor) and motion compensation imaging modes are introduced into the pushbroom imaging spectrometer to increase the SNR of the imaging data sometimes. Besides the higher SNR, the two imaging modes result in some bad effects on the imaging data, such as the additional misregistration. In the paper, a digital simulator for pushbroom Offner hyperspectral imaging spectrometer is used to analyze the misregistration caused by the FOV separation and the motion compensation imaging modes. Based on the imaging process, the simulator consists of a spatial response module, a spectral response module, and a radiometric response module. The FOV separation is simulated in the imaging position calculation process of the spatial response module, and the motion compensation is considered in both the imaging position simulation and the radiometric response module. Using the simulator, the imaging position data is created to quantify the misregistration. The result shows that the imaging track deviation, caused by the FOV separation, between the VNIR sensor and SWIR sensor keeps a constant quantity in the latitude direction. However, the deviation will increase along with the imaging time in the longitude direction. When the two imaging modes are both considered, the deviation is symmetrical relative to the nadir point in the latitude direction. However, the deviation is not symmetrical in the longitude. In order to analyze the misregistration effect on the imaging data, simulation data with different imaging modes on Dongtianshan remote sensing testing field is created using the simulator. And the misregistration effect on the spectra of flat ground pixel and rugged ground pixel are analyzed.