The advance progress of the visible light networking systems requires powerful and new devices that enable high data rate light transmission with low losses. Therefore, we introduce a new design for a 1×8 green light intensity splitter based on the multimode interference coupler (MMI) in a gallium-nitride (GaN) - silicon-oxide (SiO<sub>2</sub>) slot waveguide structure. Simulation results show that after a propagation length of 16.55μm the power of the green light signal (536 nm) is split into eight output beams with equal power and low transmission losses of 0.11dB. In addition, the splitter operates in the visible light spectrum from 460-670nm. Therefore, this device can increase performance in network communication systems that work in the visible light range.
Optical filters are required to have narrow band-pass filtering in the spectral C-band for applications such as signal tracking, sub-band filtering or noise suppression. These requirements lead to a variety of filters such as Mach-Zehnder interferometer inter-leaver in silica, which offer thermo-optic effect for optical switching, however, without proper thermal and optical efficiency. In this paper we propose tunable thermo-optic filtering device based on coated silicon slab resonator with increased Q-factor for the C-band optical switching. The device can be designed either for long range wavelength tuning of for short range with increased wavelength resolution. Theoretical examination of the thermal parameters affecting the filtering process is shown together with experimental results. Proper channel isolation with an extinction ratio of 20dBs is achieved with spectral bandpass width of 0.07nm.
Over the last few years, there is a growing interest in photoacoustic imaging using nanoparticles techniques due to the improved penetration depth and resolution. Working with such nanoparticles usually requires pulsed laser illumination to generate an acoustic signal in the right frequencies. However, these pulsed lasers are considered expensive and complicated with respect to continuous-wave (CW) illumination. We design and simulate a special nanostructure with overall dimensions of 190×50× (26–34) nm, which blinks with fast temporal periodicity of 20 to 40 ns, under CW illumination and can be used for the generation of acoustic signals. This blinking is done using the enhanced optical absorption of metallic nanoparticles due to localized surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and the thermal expansion to generate heating–cooling cycles of the nanostructure. The CW laser wavelength is adapted to the localized SPR of the metallic nanostructure at the NIR region, which provides maximum penetration depth of light into biological tissues.
We propose a novel 8-channel wavelength multimode interference (MMI) demultiplexer in slot waveguide structures that operated at 1530 nm, 1535 nm, 1540 nm, 1545 nm, 1550 nm, 1555 nm, 1560 nm and 1565 nm wavelengths. Gallium nitride (GaN) surrounded by silicon (Si) was founded as suitable materials for the slot-waveguide structures. The proposed device was designed by seven 1x2 MMI couplers, fourteen S-band and one input taper. Numerical investigations were carried out on the geometrical parameters by using a full vectorial-beam propagation method (FVBPM). Simulation results show that the proposed device can transmit 8-channel that works in the whole C-band (1530- 1565 nm) with low crosstalk ((-19.97)-(-13.77) dB) and bandwidth (1.8-3.6 nm). Thus, the device can be very useful in optical networking systems that work on dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) technology.
We propose a novel 8-channel wavelength demultiplexer based on photonic crystal fiber (PCF) structures that operate at 1530nm, 1535nm, 1540nm, 1545nm, 1550nm, 1555nm, 1560nm and 1565nm wavelengths. The new design is based on replacing some air-holes zones with silicon nitride and lithium niobate materials along the PCF axis with optimization of the PCF size. The reason of using these materials is because that each wavelength has a different value of coupling length. Numerical investigations were carried out on the geometrical parameters by using a beam propagation method (BPM). Simulation results show that the proposed device can transmit 8-channel that works in the whole C-band (1530- 1565nm) with low crosstalk ((-16.88)-(-15.93) dB) and bandwidth (4.02-4.69nm). Thus, the device can be very useful in optical networking systems that work on dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) technology.
Hardware implementation of artificial neural networks facilitates real-time parallel processing of massive data sets. Optical neural networks offer low-volume 3D connectivity together with large bandwidth and minimal heat production in contrast to electronic implementation. Here, we present a DMD based approaches to realize energetically efficient light coupling into a multi-core fiber realizing a unique design for in-fiber optical neural networks. Neurons and synapses are realized as individual cores in a multi-core fiber. Optical signals are transferred transversely between cores by means of optical coupling. Pump driven amplification in Erbium-doped cores mimics synaptic interactions. In order to dynamically and efficiently couple light into the multi-core fiber a DMD based micro mirror device is used to perform proper beam shaping operation. The beam shaping reshapes the light into a large set of points in space matching the positions of the required cores in the entrance plane to the multi-core fiber.
This paper presents a method for modifying the point spread function (PSF) into a doughnut-like shape, through the utilization of the plasma dispersion effect (PDE) of silicon-coated gold nanoparticles. This modified PSF has spatial components smaller than the diffraction limit, and by scanning the sample with it, super-resolution can be achieved. The sample is illuminated using two laser beams. The first is the pump, with a wavelength in the visible region that creates a change in the refractive index of the silicon coating due to the PDE. This creates a change in the localized surface plasmon resonance wavelength. Since the pump beam has a Gaussian profile, the high intensity areas of the beam experience the highest refractive index change. When the second beam (i.e., the probe) illuminates the sample with a near-infrared wavelength, this change in the refractive index is transformed into a change in the PSF profile. The ordinary Gaussian shape is transformed into a doughnut shape, with higher spatial frequencies, which enables one to achieve super-resolution by scanning the specimen using this PSF. This is a step toward the creation of a nonfluorescent nanoscope.
A monolithic coherent combiner scheme for combining multiple fiber lasers based on a photonic crystal fiber is described. Beam propagation method (BPM) simulations show that the beam combiner efficiency can reach 96% for a 4×1 combiner, 94% for an 8×1 combiner, and 91% for a 16×1 combiner, provided the fiber lasers are phase matched. In addition, a 2×1 intensity polarization combiner is proposed and simulated through full vectorial BPM, yielding a combining efficiency of 95%. This concept can lead to a rugged and efficient combiner for multiple fiber lasers.