Ag and Cu nanoparticles supported in mordenite structure have been formed applying reduction temperatures in the range 100-400 C and varying Ag/Cu atomic ratios. Absorbance spectra of samples exhibit signature features consistent with absorption via localized surface plasmons propagating in metallic nanoparticles. The formation of binary Ag-Cu nanoparticles is inferred. Theoretical calculations within an average field Maxwell-Garnett model modified for a three component composite system are used to interpret resonance shifts and relative intensities of plasmon peaks in the experimental findings. Within the applied model the relative volume occupied by each metallic species can be changed. This permits the simulation of experimental conditions of the samples. It is experimentally found that the simultaneous presence of two metal species during the synthesis affects reduction temperatures, stability and relative concentration of embedded nanoparticles. Furthermore the observed optical spectra of the supported bimetallic nanoparticles is contrasted with that of single metal nanoparticles studied previously. Our study represents a contribution to the possibility of optical monitoring of synthetic pathways in zeolite + metal nanoparticle systems.
Optical spectra of noble metal nano-particles supported on different types of zeolites are studied and compared. The absorbance spectra of Cu, Ag and Au nanoparticles supported on mordenite, β-zeolite, Na/Y and H/Y zeolites respectively are reported. Spectra for pre-exchanged Au-Cu/Na/Y, Au-Ni/Na/Y and Au-Fe/Na/Y are also studied. A simple effective medium approach (Maxwell-Garnett) is used to obtain a theoretical complex effective dielectric function of the composite and to asses the sensibility of the plasmon resonance to the sample characteristics. The knowledge of these properties can hopefully be applied to the development of optical tools to monitor the synthetic path.
Last years nanosized gold particles attract much attention as a component of industrially perspective catalysts for some reactions as CO oxidation, NO reduction etc. We studied several systems including gold based on different synthetic zeolites pure or doped with another metals (Fe, Na). It was shown by different techniques (XPS, UV-Vis spectroscopy, TPR) that intrinsic properties of zeolites used and gold system preparation method influence significantly on the contribution of different gold species (ions, clusters and particles). For mixed Au-Me-zeolites activity level and dynamic of CO conversion with time in steam and temperature depends on nature of zeolite and specificity of Au-Me interaction. All binary metal systems were found to be activated in different degree during catalytic activity test due to mutual interaction of gold with second metal. Extremely high level of CO conversion and low dependence of activity on temperature was observed for Au- Fe- H- and Na-Y zeolites. The change in contribution of gold nanoparticles was observed after sample contact with CO.