PHASECam is the Large Binocular Telescope Interferometer's (LBTI) phase sensor, a near-infrared camera which is used to measure tip/tilt and phase variations between the two AO-corrected apertures of the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT). Tip/tilt and phase sensing are currently performed in the H (1.65 μm) and K (2.2 μm) bands at 1 kHz, and the K band phase telemetry is used to send tip/tilt and Optical Path Difference (OPD) corrections to the system. However, phase variations outside the range [-Π, Π] are not sensed, and thus are not fully corrected during closed-loop operation. PHASECam's phase unwrapping algorithm, which attempts to mitigate this issue, still occasionally fails in the case of fast, large phase variations. This can cause a fringe jump, in which case the unwrapped phase will be incorrect by a wavelength or more. This can currently be manually corrected by the observer, but this is inefficient. A more reliable and automated solution is desired, especially as the LBTI begins to commission further modes which require robust, active phase control, including controlled multi-axial (Fizeau) interferometry and dual-aperture non-redundant aperture masking interferometry. We present a multi-wavelength method of fringe jump capture and correction which involves direct comparison between the K band and currently unused H band phase telemetry.
The Large Binocular Telescope Interferometer (LBTI) can perform Fizeau interferometry in the focal plane, which accesses spatial information out to the LBT's full 22.7-m edge-to-edge baseline. This mode has previously been used to obtain science data, but has been limited to observations where the optical path difference (OPD) between the two beams is not controlled, resulting in unstable fringes on the science detectors. To maximize the science return, we are endeavoring to stabilize the OPD and tip-tilt variations and make the LBTI Fizeau mode optimized and routine. Here we outline the optical configuration of LBTI's Fizeau mode and our strategy for commissioning this observing mode.