Verbenaya Kosa is accumulative form of the barrier type. It is located on the southeast coast of the Sea of Azov. It is part of the marine edge of the Kuban River Delta and has been formed over the past 200 years under the influence of the simultaneous action of natural and anthropogenic processes. A study of the coastline dynamics of the Verbenaya Kosa has been conducted since the middle of XXth century. The coastline has shifted 80-400 m from 1973 to 2006 in different sections of Verbenaya Kosa. Complex of coastal protection structures (9 km long) was created in 2007. During the construction of the shore protection structure and subsequent period, lithomorphodynamic monitoring of Verbenaya Kosa was carried out. It has included annual topographic-bathymetric measurements of the surface and underwater slope of the accumulative form. The analysis of literature data, engineering survey materials, monitoring data, supplemented by remote sensing data allowed summarize information on the structure and dynamics of the Verbenaya Kosa relief. Historical topographic maps (since 1877) and satellite images of the 1960-1970s, made by the US Geological Survey, were used to evaluate of the long-period dynamics of the studied area. Since 2015, shoreline and submarine bars configuration monitoring has been conducted using Sentinel-2 satellite data. Studies have shown that the development of Verbenaya Kosa was determined by the rate of Kuban Delta extension into the sea water area, sea level fluctuations and changes of the wind-wave regime. Since the middle of XXth century, anthropogenic factor has become determining factor for the Verbenaya Kosa development. Currently, the coastline of it has stabilized.
The concept of digitalization of agricultural production in the Russian Federation provides for the implementation of measures to develop and create a system of geographic information monitoring and decision support in crop production. The aim of the research was to conduct geoinformation monitoring of rice crops to develop methods for automated mapping of their condition and yield forecasting. The studies were carried out on a test site of the Federal State Budget Scientific Institution "Federal Scientific Center of Rice" with an area of 327 hectares. The main cultivated crop is the Flagman rice variety. The survey was performed by a quadcopter with a MicaSense RedEdge-M multispectral camera mounted on a fixed suspension. The shooting period using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) was limited to early June and additionally used the Sentinel-2A satellite data covering the entire analyzed period (06/05/2019 - 08/29/2019). To assess the state of rice crops, the normalized relative vegetative index NDVI was used. Based on the NDVI distribution and yield information from the combine TUCANO 580 (CLAAS), a statistical analysis was carried out in fields 7 and 9 All-Russian Research Institute of Rice (“VNII Rice”). Testing of the experimental methodology for monitoring crops in 2019 on the basis of remote sensing of test plots and geoinformation modeling and the statistical apparatus should be considered satisfactory.
In the area Verbyanaya bay-bar (Sea of Azov) in an attempt to create large-scale cartographic base and subsequent thematic mapping of the geographical environment components airborne laser scanning and aerial photography were conducted. Airborne laser scanning data formed the basis of a comprehensive study of the coastal zone components. Methodical research apparatus includes receiving and processing technology of laser reflection points, constructing highprecision digital elevation model and raster surfaces. Mosaic of aerial photography is converted into a format mosaic – a geometrically correct image of the terrain. Set of high-precision digital surface models and thematic raster images obtained for specific dates, allows to analyze the dynamic adjustment of components of the coastal zone (shoreline, beach, shore dam with surge prism).
For the 2013-14 year as part of the study Anapa accumulative coasts was performed aerial survey, including airborne
laser scanning and digital aerial photography. Size of the survey was 48 km, width of pregnancy ranged from 500 to
1500 meters, depending on the configuration of the coastline. Surveying was done using aerial mapping production Leica
Geosystems, consisting of airborne laser scanner ALS70-CM and digital aerophotocamera RCD-30. The data allowed us
to obtain highly accurate digital terrain models and orthophotos. To perform morphological and morphometric analysis
of the territory at the micro and nanoscale.