Quasi-three-dimensional invisibility cloaks, comprised of either homogeneous or inhomogeneous media, are
experimentally demonstrated in the terahertz regime. The inhomogeneous cloak was lithographically fabricated using
a scalable Projection Microstereolithography process. The triangular cloaking structure has a total thickness of 4.4 mm,
comprised of 220 layers of 20 μm thickness. The cloak operates at a broad frequency range between 0.3 and 0.6 THz,
and is placed over an α-lactose monohydrate absorber with rectangular shape. Characterized using angular-resolved
reflection terahertz time-domain spectroscopy, the results indicate that the terahertz invisibility cloak has successfully
concealed both the geometrical and spectroscopic signatures of the absorber, making it undetectable to the observer.
The homogeneous cloaking device made from birefringent crystalline sapphire features a large concealed volume, low
loss, and broad bandwidth. It is capable of hiding objects with a dimension nearly an order of magnitude larger than
that of its lithographic counterpart, but without involving complex and time-consuming cleanroom processing. The
cloak device was made from two 20-mm-thick high-purity sapphire prisms. The cloaking region has a maximum
height 1.75 mm with a volume of approximately 5% of the whole sample. The reflected TM beam from the cloak
shows nearly the same profile as that reflected by a flat mirror.