Visible light communication (VLC) based on light-emitting diodes (LEDs) technology not only provides higher data rate for indoor wireless communications and offering room illumination but also has the potential for indoor localization. VLC-based indoor positioning using the received optical power levels from emitting LEDs is investigated. We consider both scenarios of line-of-sight (LOS) and LOS with non-LOS (LOSNLOS) positioning. The performance of the proposed system is evaluated under both noisy and noiseless channel as is the impact of different location codes on positioning error. The analytical model of the system with noise and the corresponding numerical evaluation for a range of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) are presented. The results show that an accuracy of <10 cm on average is achievable at an SNR>12 dB.
Indoor positioning or localization based on visible light communications (VLC) is an emerging technology with wide applications. In conventional localization schemes, the trilateration technique is widely used with at least three separate lighting sources to determine the user’s location. An indoor VLC positioning scheme based on the optical power distributions of only two light emitting diodes (LEDs) is reported for different environments. We have used two received signal strength indications to determine the user’s position based on the LEDs configuration offering less complexity. We propose comprehensive mathematical models for the VLC localization system considering the noise and its impact on the user’s location, and numerically evaluated it over a range of signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). In addition, it is compared to the results with the exiting trilateration technique. The performance of the proposed system is evaluated with a reported accuracy of <20 cm for an SNR of >13 dB.