This paper presents a parallel dynamic passive valveless micropump, which consists of three layers-valve, diaphragm and electromagnetic coil. The valve is wetly etched in a silicon wafer, the diaphragm is a PDMS (polydimethyl siloxane) film spun on a silicon wafer with embedded permanent magnet posts, and the coil is electroplated on a silicon substrate. Under the actuation of the magnetic field of the coil, the flexible diaphragm can be displaced upwards and downwards. After analyzing magnetic and mechanical characteristic of the flexible membrane and direction-dependence of the diffuser, this paper designed a micropump. And the relative length (L/d) of the micropump’s diffuser is 4.An 7×7 array of permanent magnetic posts is embedded in the PDMS film. Two diaphragms work in an anti-step mode, which can relieve the liquid shock and increase the discharge of the micropump. ANSYS® and Matlab® are adopted to analyze the actuation effect of the coil and the flow characteristic of the micropump. Results show that when actuated under a 0.3A, 100Hz current ,the displacement of the diaphragm is more than 30μm, and the discharge of the micropump is about 6μL/s.
The prevailing micromachined vibratory gyroscope typically has a proof mass connected to the substrate by a mechanical suspension system, which makes it face a tough challenge to achieve tactical or inertial grade performance levels. With a levitated rotor as the proof mass, a micromachined rotational gyroscope will potentially have higher performance than vibratory gyroscope. Besides working as a moment rebalance dual-axis gyroscope, the micromachined rotational gyroscope based on a levitated rotor can simultaneously work as a force balance tri-axis accelerometer. Micromachined rotational gyroscope based on an electrostatically levitated silicon micromachined rotor has been notably developed. In this paper, factors in designing a rotational gyro/accelerometer based on an electrostatically levitated disc-like rotor, including gyroscopic action of micro rotor, methods of stable levitation, micro displacement detection and control, rotation drive and speed control, vacuum packaging and microfabrication, are comprehensively considered. Hence a design of rotational gyro/accelerometer with an electroforming nickel rotor employing low cost UV-LIGA technology is presented. In this design, a wheel-like flat rotor is proposed and its basic dimensions, diameter and thickness, are estimated according to the required loading capability. Finally, its micromachining methods based on UV-LIGA technology and assembly technology are discussed.