Fredrik Grönberg
at KTH Royal Institute of Technology
SPIE Involvement:
Author | Instructor
Publications (1)

Proc. SPIE. 10573, Medical Imaging 2018: Physics of Medical Imaging
KEYWORDS: Photon counting, Statistical analysis, Computer simulations, Monte Carlo methods, Detector development, Statistical modeling

Course Instructor
SC1129: Photon Counting CT
This course explains the principles of photon counting detectors for spectral x-ray imaging. Typical technical implementations are described and fundamental differences to energy integrating systems are pointed out. In particular, the issues of high-rate handling and the effect of detector cross talk on energy resolution are described. Requirements on electronics for spectral imaging in computed tomography is also discussed. A second objective of the course is to describe how energy sensitive counting detectors make use of the energy sampling of the linear attenuation coefficients of the background and target materials for any given imaging task; methods like material basis decomposition and optimal energy weighting will be explained. The second objective highlights the interesting fact that while the spatial-frequency descriptor of signal-to-noise-ratio transfer (DQE) of a system gives a complete characterization of performance for energy integrating (and pure photon counting) systems, it fails to characterize multibin systems since a complete description of the transfer characteristics requires specification of how the information of each energy bin is handled. The latter is in turn dependent on the imaging case at hand which shows that there is no such thing as an imaging case independent system DQE for photon counting multibin systems. We also suggest how this issue could be resolved.
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