The treatment using photodynamic therapy (PDT) among cancer treatment methods shows remedial value in various cancers. The optical fiber probe infiltrates into affected parts of the tissues that are difficult to access, such as pancreatic cancer, carcinoma of extrahepatic bile duct, prostate cancer, and bladder cancer by using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) with various types of diffusing tips.
In this study, we developed cylindrical diffusing optical fiber probe (CDOFP) for PDT, manufactured ball-shaped end which is easily infiltrated into tissues with diffusing length ranging from 10mm to 40mm through precision laser processing, and conducted beam profile characterization of manufactured CDOFP. Also, chemical reaction between photo-sensitizer and laser in PDT is important, and hence the thermal effect in tissues as per diffusing length of probe was also studied as it was used in a recent study.
Although the patients with cancer on pancreas or pancreaticobiliary duct have been increased, it is very difficult to detect and to treat the pancreatic cancer because of its low accessibility and obtuseness. The pancreatic cancer has been diagnosed using ultrasonography, blood test, CT, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and etc. Normally, light can be delivered to the target by optical fibers through the ERCP or EUS. Diffusing optical fibers have been developed with various methods. However, many of them have mechanical and biological problems in the use of small-bend-radius apparatus or in tissue area. This study developed a therapeutic cylindrical diffusing optical fiber probe (CDOFP) for ERCP and EUS which has moderate flexibility and solidity to treat the cancer on pancreaticobiliary duct or pancreas. The CDOFP consists of a biocompatible Teflon tube and multimode glass fiber which has diffusing area processed with laser and high refractive index resin. The CDOFP was characterized to investigate the clinical feasibility and other applications of light therapy using diffusing optical fiber. The results presented that the CDOFP may be used in clinic by combining with endoscopic method, such as ERCP or EUS, to treat cancer on pancreas and pancreaticobiliary duct.