KEYWORDS: Non-line-of-sight propagation, Receivers, Signal to noise ratio, Transmitters, Telecommunications, Distance measurement, Signal detection, Visible radiation, Error analysis, Received signal strength
For an indoor localization system based on visible light communication (VLC) by using received signal strength technique, visible light signals used for estimating the distances between each localization target and reference nodes suffer from non-line-of-sight (NLoS) signal propagation, which could introduce large errors in estimating their locations. Both line-of-sight (LoS) link and NLoS link are taken into account in a noisy VLC channel, and thus the NLoS signal and ambient noise are the sources of localization error. Ricean K factor is introduced to evaluate the relation between the value of NLoS signal and the quality of localization in the proposed system. Analytical expressions for the distance measurement error and the upper bound of localization error are derived by using the least squares method. The simulation results show that the estimation of localization error matches the distribution of Ricean K factor in the noisy overall link. The environmental parameters that can be used to decrease the value of Ricean K factor are also discussed in the simulations, which provide the reference of parameters for building an experimental demonstration of a VLC indoor localization system. A comparison is conducted with the previous works to demonstrate the good performance of our scheme.