This work presents the design, fabrication and characterization of Metamaterial (MTM) structures using MEMS
technology for applications in bio-medical optics. Metamaterials can be applied in diverse fields such as Photonic
Crystals, Resonant Structures and Transmission Lines. In this work the focus is on Transmission Lines. For this
application, the metamaterial structure is based on a Composite Right/Left Handed Transmission Line (CRLH-TL)
which consists of MEMS capacitors and inductors. The MEMS capacitor is formed with two parallel plates (two
electrodes, one mobile-positive and one fixed-negative), whose capacitance can be varied using electrostatic principles;
in addition it acts as a 3D element for metamaterial device tuning.