Characterizing different pathological states in the cellular level with a high throughput diagnostic tool is one of the main interests today. In previously works, we demonstrated how the frequency domain (FD) fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) technique could be utilized to implement that in variety of examples. Among them was to classify between different chromosomal abnormalities in patients with b-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) and between metastatic cells and inflammation cells in the cerebral spinal fluid of patients with Medulloblastoma. This research describes the use of FD-FLIM system to differentiate between patients diagnosed without any disease (controls) that showed a normal median FLT (2.65±0.11ns) and patients diagnosed with inflammation (viruses and bacteria) that showed a prolong median FLT and a larger distribution (3.18±0.44ns in viruses and 3.28±0.45ns). The study group of this research included 43 samples divided into 4 groups: 9 samples diagnosed with different types of bacteria, 16 samples diagnosed with different types of viruses, 12 samples diagnosed with no any bacteria or virus and 5 samples diagnosed without any disease that served as controls.<p> </p> Furthermore, we studied a group of patients without detection of inflammation that were sick. We found that this group was divided into two groups; one group had the same median FLT as the controls, and the other group had the same median FLT as the inflammatory patients. As a result, we believe the FD-FLIM system can suggest a faster and more accurate diagnostic technique than the methods used today. The correlations of the FLT distribution pattern with the different groups are presented.
Brain tumors are the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in children, after leukemia. Patients with cancer in the central nervous system have a very low recovery rate. Today known imaging and cytology techniques are not always sensitive enough for an early detection of both tumor and its metastatic spread, moreover the detection is generally limited, reviewer dependent and takes a relatively long time. Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common malignant brain tumor in children. The aim of our talk is to present the frequency domain fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy system as a possible method for an early detection of MB and its metastatic spread in the cerebrospinal fluids within the pediatric population.