This study presents an experimental results of residual stress states in stainless steel plate samples with size 100 x 50 x 10 mm welded using a high-power fiber laser. The technological parameters of the welding process were: laser power Q = 15 kW; laser spot size = 0.65 mm; welding speed V = 3 m/min; 4 m/min; 5 m/min, using 30 L/min of protective Ar gas. The neutron diffraction method was used to determine the residual stresses in the bulk of the material. The neutron experiments were performed on the FSD diffractometer at the IBR-2 pulsed reactor in the Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research - Dubna, Russian Federation. The measured residual stress distributions exhibit maxima at weld seam centers. As expected, for all specimens the residual stress is falling down in regions distant from the weld zone. Maximal residual stress value of 492 MPa was observed for sample welded with speed of V = 5 m/min.
The residual stress and microstrain distribution induced by laser beam welding of the low-alloyed C45 steel plate was investigated using high-resolution time-of-flight (TOF) neutron diffraction. The neutron diffraction experiments were performed on FSD diffractometer at the IBR-2 pulsed reactor in FLNP JINR (Dubna, Russia). The experiments have shown that the residual stress distribution across weld seam exhibit typical alternating sign character as it was observed in our previous studies. The residual stress level is varying in the range from -60 MPa to 450 MPa. At the same time, the microstrain level exhibits sharp maxima at weld seam position with maximal level of ∼4.8·10<sup>-3</sup>. The obtained experimental results are in good agreement with FEM calculations according to the STAAZ model. The provided numerical model validated with measured data enables to study the influence of different conditions and process parameters on the development of residual welding stresses.