A tracking sensor system for precise telescope time realization called the Karoo Telescope Time (KTT), for next generation precision radio astronomy is described in this article. This is a key enabler for precision timing science like transients, pulsar search and pulsar timing. A Mark I real time sensor called KTT-GNSS was already implemented and verified and needs to ensure receptor timing below the <30ns level. Some aspects and design and algorithm testing for a Mark II post facto sensor called KTT-UTC which has the goal of <5ns is described herein. The Mark II sensor also has accurate daily intermediary sensors, based on past data, and is not based on any extrapolations like the Mark I sensor is.
An optical fiber based laser radar time transfer system has been developed for the 64-dish MeerKAT radiointerferometer telescope project to provide accurate atomic time to the receivers of the telescope system. This time transfer system is called the Karoo Array Timing System (KATS). Calibration of the time transfer system is essential to ensure that time is accurately transferred to the digitisers that form part of the receivers. Frequency domain reflectometry via vector network analysers is also used to verify measurements taken using time interval counters. This paper details the progress that is made in the verification measurements of the system in order to ensure that time, accurate to within a few nanoseconds of the Universal Coordinated Time (UTC, is available at the point where radio signals from astronomical sources are received. This capability enables world class transient and timing studies with a compact radio interferometer, which has inherent advantages over large single dish radio-telescopes, in observing the transient sky.