We demonstrate the first application of the periodic damage tracks in optical fibers formed by the fiber fuse. A refractive index sensor with a sensitivity of 350 nm/refractive index unit (RIU) is experimentally demonstrated. This technique can allow mass production by incorporating small sections of the damaged fiber into each device. It can also be applied widely in different types of sensing systems by coating sensing material on the damaged fiber’s cladding surface.
A dual-parameter fiber sensor achieved by cascading a fiber Bragg grating with a no-core fiber (NCF) is used for simultaneously detecting both the temperature and index physical parameters. The main index sensing mechanism of NCF is based on the wavelength shift of multimode signals’ interference (MMI), and the temperature-sensing mechanism is determined by the Bragg wavelength shift and MMI wavelength shift. As the testing index value approaches the cladding index of the optical fiber, an MMI-induced loss-dip is thus created with a sensitivity of 899 nm/RIU due to the phase-match condition of MMI being satisfied. By coating the thin films of different materials, this kind of sensor can be applied in a wide range of different sensing systems.