The unification and recognition of meteorological parameter is the key to achieve long-time scale climate monitor, which is solved by space radiation benchmark with high precision. A space-borne whiskbroom solar reflection spectrum radiation benchmark is proposed in this paper, and the standard value transmission is more simple and reliable, achieved by the pendulum sweep institution with high stability. Based on the pendulum sweep institution, the spectral response of transfer and sun spectral radiometer and hyper-spectral earth imager is calibrated in-flight. And the primary benchmark is space-borne cryogenic absolute radiometer, whose absolute measurement uncertainty is 0.02%. Besides, the absolute measurement uncertainty of transfer and sun spectral radiometer and hyper-spectral earth imager is analyzed respectively in this paper, and the absolute measurement uncertainty is 0.23% and 0.63%.
The polarization sensitivity is an important factor of quantification of remote sensing information, which is used to evaluate polarization response of remote sensors. In this paper, the white light laser, polarizing film, and the beam expander system make up the polarization measurement system. And then the polarization test is accomplished. Unlike the traditional analysis, this paper proposed a method of Fourier series fitting to analyze the polarization test data. Compared with the cosine function fit, Fourier series fitting is closer to the real data, and the influence of natural light and elliptic polarized light. And it has advantage in the error analysis of polarization test and can help improve polarization test precision. At last, the errors of polarization measurement is analyzed.
The principles of spectral calibration in Lab for Hyper-spectral imager are briefly expounded. The methods of spectral
calibration used at home and abroad are investigated, and their advantages and disadvantages are analyzed. The method
of spectral calibration is given, and its advantage is introduced. The method for making choices of light sources and the
coating of the integrating sphere are proposed. Finally, the influential factors of calibration uncertainty of this method are