To wavelength modulation SPR sensor, the measuring sensitivity of refractive index increases with wavelength. A broadband light source (700 nm~900 nm) with relative narrow bandwidth at long wavelength is selected, to measure the refractive index of surrounding medium by using SPR reflection power spectrums, in order to obtain relatively higher sensitivity and resolution. But the measuring range of refractive index is decreased by the reduction in bandwidth of light source. We propose a surface plasmon resonance sensor based on wavelength and angular combined modulations, in order to solve the mutual restriction of measuring range and sensitivity/ resolution, sectional measurement method is adopted, i.e. different incident angles are selected respectively, which will detect different measuring ranges of refractive index. Wavelength and angular combined SPR modulations can cover the whole measuring range of refractive index, and improve the measuring sensitivity and resolution simultaneously.
Biology and medicine sample measurement takes an important role in the microscopic optical technology. Optical tweezer has the advantage of accurate capture and non-pollution of the sample. The SPR(surface plasmon resonance) sensor has so many advantages include high sensitivity, fast measurement, less consumption of sample and label-free detection of biological sample that the SPR sensing technique has been used for surface topography, analysis of biochemical and immune, drug screening and environmental monitoring. If they combine, they will play an important role in the biological, chemical and other subjects. The system we propose use the multi-axis cage system, by using the methods of reflection and transmiss ion to improve the space utilization. The SPR system and optical tweezer were builtup and combined in one system. The cage of multi-axis system gives full play to its accuracy, simplicity and flexibility. The size of the system is 20 * 15 * 40 cm<sup>3</sup> and thus the sample can be replaced to switch between the optical tweezers system and the SPR system in the small space. It means that we get the refractive index of the sample and control the particle in the same system. In order to control the revolving stage, get the picture and achieve the data stored automatically, we write a LabVIEW procedure. Then according to the data from the back focal plane calculate the refractive index of the sample. By changing the slide we can trap the particle as optical tweezer, which makes us measurement and trap the sample at the same time.
In this work, we use the liquid-prism SPR sensing configuration to determine the chromatic dispersion of different liquids, since the condition of SPR is sensitive to the refractive index of the liquid prism. We use the glass slide coated with 50 nm Au film as the sensing chip, and use AvaLight - HAL (360 nm - 2500 nm) light source as the broaden band light source in our experiments. We adopt the deionized water as the standard sample to determine the chromatic dispersion of different liquid samples (ethanol and n-hexane), and we implement the experiment through the SPR sensing configuration in angular and spectral interrogations. According to the experimental data, the chromatic dispersions of ethanol and n-hexane are obtained. The proposed technique provides a new high sensitive method for the determination of chromatic dispersion of liquids.