Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive imaging modality which can provide cross-sectional imaging of the tissues in high-resolution. Especially in retina imaging, the OCT becomes one of the most valuable imaging tools for the diagnostics of the eye diseases. Considering the scattering and absorption properties of the eye, the 1000 nm OCT system is preferred for the retina image. In this study, we describe an akinetic swept source OCT system based on pulse-modulated active mode locking (AML) fiber laser at the 1080 nm wavelength region for in-vivo human retina imaging. The akinetic AML wavelength swept fiber laser is constructed with polarization maintaining fiber which has average linewidth of 0.625 nm, a spectral bandwidth of 81.15 nm and a duty ratio of 90 % without buffering method. We successfully obtained in-vivo human retina images using proposed OCT system without the additional k-clock and the frequency shifter providing wide field of view of 43.1º. The main retina layers such as RPE can be distinguished through the OCT image with axial resolution of 6.3 m.
We have demonstrated a quasi-distributed sensor using an active mode-locking (AML) laser with multiple fiber Bragg grating (FBG) reflections of the same center wavelength. We found that variations in the multiple cavity segment lengths between FBGs can be measured by simply sweeping the modulation frequency, because the modulation frequency of the AML laser is proportionally affected by cavity length.
We propose a high speed strain measurement method using an active mode locking (AML) fiber Bragg grating (FBG) laser sensor with a chirped FBG cavity. The mode-locked frequency of the AML laser depends on both the position and Bragg wavelength of the FBG. Thus, the mode-locked frequency of cascaded FBGs can be detected independently along the cavity length of cascaded FBGs. The strain across FBGs can be interrogated dynamically by monitoring the change in mode-locked frequency. In this respect, the chirped FBG critically improves the frequency sensitivity to Bragg wavelength shift as a function of increasing dispersion in the AML cavity. The strain measurement of the FBG sensor shows a highly linear response, with an R-squared value of 0.9997.
We demonstrated a MHz speed wavelength-swept fiber laser based on the active mode locking (AML) technique and applied to interrogation system of an array of fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors. MHz speed wavelength sweeping of wavelength-swept fiber laser can be obtained by programmable frequency modulation of the semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) without any wavelength tunable filter. Both static and dynamic strain measurement of FBG sensors were successfully characterized with high linearity of an R-square value of 0.9999 at sweeping speed of 50 kHz.