We propose a random-forest scheme, namely joint maximum purity forest (JMPF), for classification, clustering, and regression tasks. In the JMPF scheme, the original feature space is transformed into a compactly preclustered feature space, via a trained rotation matrix. The rotation matrix is obtained through an iterative quantization process, where the input data, inclined to different classes, is clustered to the respective vertices of the feature space with maximum purity. In the feature space, orthogonal hyperplanes, which are employed at the split nodes of the decision trees in a random forest, can effectively tackle the clustering problems. We evaluated our proposed method on public benchmark datasets for regression and classification tasks, and experiments showed that JMPF remarkably outperforms other state-of-the-art random-forest-based approaches. Furthermore, we applied JMPF to image super-resolution (SR) specifically because the transformed, compact features are more discriminative to the clustering-regression scheme. Experimental results on several public datasets also showed that the JMPF-based image SR scheme is consistently superior to recent state-of-the-art image SR algorithms.
Recent years have witnessed the emerging popularity of regression-based face aligners, which directly learn mappings between facial appearance and shape-increment manifolds. We propose a random-forest based, cascaded regression model for face alignment by using a locally lightweight feature, namely intimacy definition feature. This feature is more discriminative than the pose-indexed feature, more efficient than the histogram of oriented gradients feature and the scale-invariant feature transform feature, and more compact than the local binary feature (LBF). Experimental validation of our algorithm shows that our approach achieves state-of-the-art performance when testing on some challenging datasets. Compared with the LBF-based algorithm, our method achieves about twice the speed, 20% improvement in terms of alignment accuracy and saves an order of magnitude on memory requirement.
For intelligent vehicle surveillance systems, it is a big challenge to detect small, blurred car plates of vehicles driving on a highway. In this paper, we present a novel, two-stage detection scheme for small, blurred car-plate detection in large surveillance images. Our proposed scheme firstly detects vehicles, and then locates the car plates in specific regions of detected vehicles based on our proposed car-face landmark localization algorithm. Our scheme can also solve the high false-alarming rate problem with small, blurred car-plate detection. Experimental results show that our proposed method is accurate, and able to reduce the false-alarming rate, without any compromise in speed.