Hyperspectral images belong to high-dimensional data having a lot of redundancy information when they are directly used to classification. Support vector machine (SVM) can be employed to map hyperspectral data to high dimensional space effectively and make them linearly separable. In this paper, spectral and spatial information of hyperspectral images were used to construct SVM kernel function respectively. This paper proposed a hyperspectral image classification method utilization spatial-spectral combined kernel SVM in order to improve classification accuracy. The proposed method was used to classify AVIRIS hyperspectral images. The results demonstrated that the proposed SVM method can achieve 96.13% overall accuracy for the single category classification and 84.81% overall accuracy for multi-class classification only using ten percent of the total samples as the training samples. That is to say, the proposed method can make full use of the spectral information and spatial information of hyperspectral data, and effectively distinguish different categories compared with the traditional SVM for classification.
Flood is one of natural disasters with the worst loss in the world. It needs to assess flood disaster risk so that we can reduce the loss of flood disaster. Disaster management practical work needs the dynamic risk results of building. Rainstorm flood disaster system is a typical complex system. From the view of complex system theory, flood disaster risk is the interaction result of hazard effect objects, rainstorm flood hazard factors, and hazard environments. Agent-based modeling (ABM) is an important tool for complex system modeling. Rainstorm-flood building risk dynamic assessment method (RFBRDAM) was proposed using ABM in this paper. The interior structures and procedures of different agents in proposed meth had been designed. On the Netlogo platform, the proposed method was implemented to assess the building risk changes of the rainstorm flood disaster in the Huaihe River Basin using Agent-based simulation (ABS). The results indicated that the proposed method can dynamically assess building risk of the whole process for the rainstorm flood disaster. The results of this paper can provide one new approach for flood disaster building risk dynamic assessment and flood disaster management.