Restoring images captured under low-illuminations is an essential front-end process for most image based applications. The Center-Surround Retinex algorithm has been a popular approach employed to improve image brightness. However, this algorithm in its basic form, is known to produce color degradations. In order to mitigate this problem, here the Single-Scale Retinex algorithm is modiﬁed as an edge extractor while illumination is recovered through a non-linear intensity mapping stage. The derived edges are then integrated with the mapped image to produce the enhanced output. Furthermore, in reducing color distortion, the process is conducted in the magnitude sorted domain instead of the conventional Red-Green-Blue (RGB) color channels. Experimental results had shown that improvements with regard to mean brightness, colorfulness, saturation, and information content can be obtained.
Images are valuable information sources for many scientific and engineering applications. However, images captured in poor illumination conditions would have a large portion of dark regions that could heavily degrade the image quality. In order to improve the quality of such images, a restoration algorithm is developed here that transforms the low input brightness to a higher value using a modified Multi-Scale Retinex approach. The algorithm is further improved by a entropy based weighting with the input and the processed results to refine the necessary amplification at regions of low brightness. Moreover, fine details in the image are preserved by applying the Retinex principles to extract and then re-insert object edges to obtain an enhanced image. Results from experiments using low and normal illumination images have shown satisfactory performances with regard to the improvement in information contents and the mitigation of viewing artifacts.