In this paper, factors of fiber coil winding asymmetry, winding tension, non-ideal fiber type, adhensive glue type,and bonding way in fiber optic gyroscope could lead to fiber coils have different temperature distribution, and thermal induced nonreciprocity errors(Shupe errors). The influence of fiber coil temperature distribution in different wingding states on the fiber optic gyrocope temperature performance is studied in this paper, a temperatue distribution measure system of fiber coil is established, and the different wingding states coils are tested. Compared to the truly temperature distribution, the temperatue distribution measure model is exact relatively. The measure system can give more symmetrical and more uniform wingding state of fiber coil by meausure the temperatue distribution. Finally, the contrast experiment of fiber optic gyrocope is progressed, the experimental results agree well with the theory
For fiber optic gyroscope(FOG), the bias stability is an important index to measure its performance level , which directly affects the accuracy of FOG , and affects the initial alignment accuracy and navigation accuracy of FOG inertial navigation system. Therefore, the requirement of the high precision FOG on the bias stability is rising. Due to the conduction of power and the space electromagnetic radiation of circuit, there is unavoidable cross-coupling between the forward channel circuit, the backward channel circuit and the light source driving circuit in the FOG, and these cross-coupling have a certain extent influence on the performance of the FOG. As the cross-coupling coefficient changes in different environments, the FOG bias bring out drift. In this paper, the internal cross-coupling model of FOG is established. Aiming at the bias drift caused by cross-coupling, a suppression method was proposed, which eliminate the bias drift by periodically converting the polarity of Y-waveguide and the corresponding modulation and demodulation algorithm. A large number of tests were carried out at high temperature and low temperature. The experimental results show that the bias drift of FOG is reduced from 0.31°/h to 0.07°/h at different temperature points.
Fiber optical gyro (FOG) is a kind of solid-state optical gyroscope with good environmental adaptability, which has been widely used in national defense, aviation, aerospace and other civilian areas. In some applications, FOG will experience environmental conditions such as vacuum, radiation, vibration and so on, and the scale-factor performance is concerned as an important accuracy indicator. However, the scale-factor performance of FOG under these environmental conditions is difficult to test using conventional methods, as the turntable can't work under these environmental conditions. According to the phenomenon that the physical effects of FOG produced by the sawtooth voltage signal under static conditions is consistent with the physical effects of FOG produced by a turntable in uniform rotation, a new method for the scale-factor performance test of FOG without turntable is proposed in this paper. In this method, the test system of the scale-factor performance is constituted by an external operational amplifier circuit and a FOG which the modulation signal and Y waveguied are disconnected. The external operational amplifier circuit is used to superimpose the externally generated sawtooth voltage signal and the modulation signal of FOG, and to exert the superimposed signal on the Y waveguide of the FOG. The test system can produce different equivalent angular velocities by changing the cycle of the sawtooth signal in the scale-factor performance test. In this paper, the system model of FOG superimposed with an externally generated sawtooth is analyzed, and a conclusion that the effect of the equivalent input angular velocity produced by the sawtooth voltage signal is consistent with the effect of input angular velocity produced by the turntable is obtained. The relationship between the equivalent angular velocity and the parameters such as sawtooth cycle and so on is presented, and the correction method for the equivalent angular velocity is also presented by analyzing the influence of each parameter error on the equivalent angular velocity. A comparative experiment of the method proposed in this paper and the method of turntable calibration was conducted, and the scale-factor performance test results of the same FOG using the two methods were consistent. Using the method proposed in this paper to test the scale-factor performance of FOG, the input angular velocity is the equivalent effect produced by a sawtooth voltage signal, and there is no need to use a turntable to produce mechanical rotation, so this method can be used to test the performance of FOG at the ambient conditions which turntable can not work.