We present a terahertz (THz) radiation pumped by a passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser using two fiberpigtailed log-spiral-based low-temperature-grown (LTG) InGaAs photoconductive antenna (PCA) modules. The modelocked fiber laser produces over 220 mW of the average optical power with positively chirped of 1.49 ps pulses. In order to generate THz radiation using the fiber-pigtailed PCA modules, the mode-locked optical pulses are pre-chirped with 538 fs using two diffraction gratings. We successfully achieved THz radiation over 2.0 THz using the pre-chirped pulses. We successfully observed the various absorption lines of water vapor dips in the free space of 120 mm.
We demonstrate the tunable continuous-wave (CW) terahertz generator based on the λ/4 phase-shifted 1.3 μm dual-mode laser diode (DML) and travelling-wave photodiode (TWPD). The DML and TWPD operate as an optical beat source and terahertz photomixer, respectively. The laser diodes (LDs) operating at the 1.3 μm have more suitable characteristics as optical beat sources than the LDs operating at 1.55 μm because of their high efficiency and better thermal stability. The micro-heaters are integrated on top of each DFB LD for mode beat frequency tuning. The fabricated DML was continuously tuned from 230 GHz to 1485 GHz by increasing the temperature of each DFB section independently via integrated micro-heaters. The high-speed TWPD with an InGaAs absorber was designed and fabricated to efficiently generate the photomixing terahertz CW. A complementary log-periodic antenna was integrated with the TWPD to radiate the generated terahertz wave with minimum reflection in the wide frequency range. The terahertz characteristics of the tunable CW terahertz generator based on the DML and TWPD were measured in a fiber-coupled, homodyne terahertz photomixing system. Our results of the tunable CW terahertz generator show the feasibility of a compact and highly efficient CW terahertz spectrometer and imager.
We demonstrate several optical beating sources based on 1.55 μm photonic devices. Broadband antenna-integrated,
low-temperature-grown (LTG) InGaAs photomixers for widely tunable continuous-wave THz generation and detection
are also verified. The novel optical beat sources show a beat frequency tuning range from 0.3THz to over 1.34 THz. The
dual-mode laser diode (DML) consists of one phase and two active sections. Micro-heaters are used to independently
tune the wavelengths of the two DML laser modes. Broadband antenna-integrated, LTG InGaAs photomixers are used as
THz wave generators and detectors. This use of 1.55 μm photonic devices could connect current THz and InP-based
communication technologies because the well-developed InP-based optoelectronic technologies are already expected to
enable the integration of tunable LD sources with other optical components such as semiconductor optical amplifiers
(SOAs), electro-absorption modulators, and waveguide-type THz photomixers. As well as realizing an optical fibercoupled
THz time-domain spectroscopy (TDS) system, we also successfully achieved continuous frequency tuning of the
CW THz emissions. Our results show that photomixing using the photonic devices is a promising approach to realize
compact, cost-effective, and portable THz spectrometer.