With the expansion of military master and the adjustment of military scale structure, new requirements have been put forward for talent cultivation, especially for the high-level applied talents cultivation. Talents with different specifications, types and levels must be cultivated in the education process. Therefore, the master cultivation mode needs to be explored and improved. This paper systematically studies the classification standards, training scheme, graduation standards in the classification cultivation mode for master majoring in precision optical engineering, as well as the feasibility and implementation suggestions of the classification cultivation for master in military academy. By means of field investigations, collection and arrangement of network resources, questionnaire survey of characteristic samples, and combining with data resources of master, the sample database is established by collecting relevant data including professional types, training scheme, dissertation quality, professional development prospects and post applicability to output talents. The results indicate that the quality of graduate training can be effectively improved by the classifying training mode of “academic” and “applied”. The classified cultivation can not only satisfy the reform and development trend of military academy and the diversified demands of modern war for military talents, but also provide reference for high-level innovative military talents cultivation.