With the development of infrared optics, infrared optical imaging systems play an increasingly important role in modern optical imaging systems. Infrared optical imaging is used in industry, agriculture, medical, military and transportation. But in terms of infrared optical imaging systems which are exposed for a long time, some contaminations will affect the infrared optical imaging. When the contamination contaminate on the lens surface of the optical system, it would affect diffraction. The lens can be seen as complementary multiple circular holes screen happen Fraunhofer diffraction. According to Babinet principle, you can get the diffraction of the imaging system. Therefore, by studying the multiple circular holes Fraunhofer diffraction, conclusions can be drawn about the effect of infrared imaging. This paper mainly studies the effect of multiple circular holes Fraunhofer diffraction for the optical imaging. Firstly, we introduce the theory of Fraunhofer diffraction and Point Spread Function. Point Spread Function is a basic tool to evaluate the image quality of the optical system. Fraunhofer diffraction will affect Point Spread Function. Then, the results of multiple circular holes Fraunhofer diffraction are given for different hole size and hole spacing. We choose the hole size from 0.1mm to 1mm and hole spacing from 0.3mm to 0.8mm. The infrared wavebands of optical imaging are chosen from 1μm to 5μm. We use the MATLAB to simulate light intensity distribution of multiple circular holes Fraunhofer diffraction. Finally, three-dimensional diffraction maps of light intensity are given to contrast.
The space contamination of spacecraft surface is a hot topic in the spacecraft environment project and environment safeguard for spacecraft. Since the 20<sup>th</sup> century, many American satellites have had malfunction for space contamination. The space optical systems are usually exposed to the external space environment. The particulate contamination of optical systems will degrade the detection ability. We call the optical damage. It also has a bad influence on the spectral imaging quality of the whole system. In this paper, effects of contamination on spectral imaging were discussed. The experiment was designed to observe the effect value. We used numeral curve fitting to analyze the relationship between the optical damage factor (Transmittance decay factor) and the contamination degree of the optical system. We gave the results of six specific wavelengths from 450 to 700nm and obtained the function of between the optical damage factor and contamination degree. We chose three colors of oil paint to be compared. Through the numeral curve fitting and processing data, we could get the mass thickness for different colors of oil paint when transmittance decreased to 50% and 30%. Some comparisons and research conclusions were given. From the comparisons and researches, we could draw the conclusions about contamination effects of oil paint on the spectral imaging system.