In this work we present a promising method for fabrication of conductive tracks on paper based substrates by laser assisted reduction of Graphene Oxide (GO). Printed electronics on paper based substrates is be coming more popular due to lower cost and recyclability. Fabrication of conductive tracks is of great importance where metal, carbon and polymer inks are commonly used. An emerging option is reduced graphene oxide (r-GO), which can be a good conductor. Here we have evaluated reduction of GO by using a 532 nm laser source, showing promising results with a decrease of sheet resistance from >100 M Ω/Sqr for unreduced GO down to 126 Ω/Sqr. without any observable damage to the paper substrates.
In this work we have investigated the use of laser sintering of different ink-jet printed nano-particle links (NPIs) on paper substrates. Laser sintering is shown to offer a fast and non-destructive way to produce paper based printed electronics. A continuous wave fiber laser source at 1064 nm is used and evaluated in combination with a galvo-scanning mirror system. A conductivity in order of 2.16 * 107 S/m is reached for the silver NPI structures corresponding to nearly 35 % conductivity compared to that of bulk silver and this is achieved without any observable damage to the paper substrate.
In this work are shown the principle, first experimental results and a model design of a new type of multi channel Fourier transform (FT) spectrometer for visible (VIS) and infrared (IR) region operating in real time. The main principle of this spectrometer is that measured collected and collimated optical radiation passes through a linear array or matrix of optical Fabry-Perot interferometers. Each interferometer is placed in front of and close to each element of the array detector. By processing the signal the spectrum of the optical radiation can be extracted. This design does not require intermediate optics between interferometer and array detector and allows for a reliable and extremely compact construction. Production cost can be low when a simple wedge type interferometer is integrated with existing array or matrix detectors, e.g. CCD camera. One other benefit is that the shape of the interferometer determines whether the spectrometer is suitable for measuring wide spectra radiation or has the ability to discriminate optical coherent radiation. Experimental results achieved for VIS and NIR range of spectra are promising. The principals of this design can be used for a variety of applications besides as a spectrometer. For example warning systems for lasers and restricted coherency sources and also filtering of optical signals and for measuring the spectral content working in a wide spectral range.