The quantum dot solar concentrator optical efficiency is undermined by the parameters of re-absorption, scattering, and escape cone losses. These losses can be address through enhancing quantum dot (QDs) absorption and emission. This have been achieved through plasmonic coupling between QDs and gold nanoparticles (Au NPs). The plasmonic composite of various concertation of QDs and Au NPs were studied. The spacing between QDs and Au NPs is controlled through concentration distribution of both QD and Au NPs in the plasmonic composite, and it showed a significant increase in absorption and which is more pronounced for higher spectral overlap of QDs and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) frequency. The optimum plasmonic coupling showed a 17 % increase in the fluorescence emission for QDs in plasmonic composite. The results have shown significant enhancement in absorption, fluorescence emission for the p-QDSC.
In this paper, concentrating structures of plasmonic luminescent downshifting composite layers (c-pLDS) containing lumogen yellow dye and silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) to increase the efficiency of Photovoltaic (PV) devices were investigated. The c-pLDS structures allowed for a wider absorption range of both wavelength shifting and light concentration with a strong energy transfer that red shifts photons to wavelengths which gives greater spectral response of solar cells. The optimum dye concentration in a poly(methyl,methacrylate) polymer of a thin layer ~10μm spin coated on glass substrate was established. Subsequently, plasmonic coupling with Ag NPs was introduced for the c-pLDS composite structures. Plasmonic coupling has been observed to produce fluorescence emission enhancement of up to 20% for the dye c-pLDS layer. The c-pLDS layer was modelled for CdTe mini modules (15x15 cm) and compared with a blank PMMA/GLASS and dye c-LDS structure. It has been demonstrated that the addition of c-pLDS layers containing lumogen yellow dye increases the optical efficiency and the Short circuit current (Jsc) of CdTe solar cells. An increase of 7.3% in the optical efficiency has been achieved and a 30% in the Jsc was obtained when a c-pLDS composite layer is used.