As global warming problem is becoming serious in recent decades, the global sea level is continuously rising. This will
cause damages to the coastal deltas with the characteristics of low-lying land, dense population, and developed economy.
Continuously reclamation costal intertidal and wetland areas are making Shanghai, the mega city of Yangtze River Delta,
more vulnerable to sea level rise. In this paper, we investigate the land subsidence temporal evolution of patterns and
processes on a stretch of muddy coast located between the Yangtze River Estuary and Hangzou Bay with differential
synthetic aperture radar interferometry (DInSAR) analyses. By exploiting a set of 31 SAR images acquired by the
ENVISAT/ASAR from February 2007 to May 2010 and a set of 48 SAR images acquired by the COSMO-SkyMed
(CSK) sensors from December 2013 to March 2016, coherent point targets as long as land subsidence velocity maps and
time series are identified by using the Small Baseline Subset (SBAS) algorithm. With the DInSAR constrained land
subsidence model, we predict the land subsidence trend and the expected cumulative subsidence in 2020, 2025 and 2030.
Meanwhile, we used altimetrydata and densely distributed in the coastal region are identified (EEMD) algorithm to
obtain the average sea level rise rate in the East China Sea. With the land subsidence predictions, sea level rise
predictions, and high-precision digital elevation model (DEM), we analyze the combined risk of land subsidence and sea
level rise on the coastal areas of Shanghai. The potential inundated areas are mapped under different scenarios.
Shanghai Pudong International airport is one of the three major international airports in China. The airport is located at the Yangtze estuary which is a sensitive belt of sea and land interaction region. The majority of the buildings and facilities in the airport are built on ocean-reclaimed lands and silt tidal flat. Residual ground settlement could probably occur after the completion of the airport construction. The current status of the ground settlement of the airport and whether it is within a safe range are necessary to be investigated. In order to continuously monitor the ground settlement of the airport, two Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) time series, acquired by X-band TerraSAR-X (TSX) and TanDEM-X (TDX) sensors from December 2009 to December 2010 and from April 2013 to July 2015, were used for analyzing with SBAS technique. We firstly obtained ground deformation measurement of each SAR subset. Both of the measurements show that obvious ground subsidence phenomenon occurred at the airport, especially in the second runway, the second terminal, the sixth cargo plane and the eighth apron. The maximum vertical ground deformation rates of both SAR subset measurements were greater than -30 mm/year, while the cumulative ground deformations reached up to -30 mm and -35 mm respectively. After generation of SBAS-retrieved ground deformation for each SAR subset, we performed a joint analysis to combine time series of each common coherent point by applying a geotechnical model. The results show that three centralized areas of ground deformation existed in the airport, mainly distributed in the sixth cargo plane, the fifth apron and the fourth apron, The maximum vertical cumulative ground subsidence was more than -70 mm. In addition, by analyzing the combined time series of four selected points, we found that the ground deformation rates of the points located at the second runway, the third runway, and the second terminal, were progressively smaller as time goes by. It indicates that the stabilities of the foundation around these points were gradually enhanced.