Laser reflective tomography(LRT) imaging is a effective technique in high-resolution imaging of remote target. Since the mass distribution information of target is contained in echo, the barycenter of target could be located from echoes in different angle. We proposed a universal method to locate the distance barycenter of 2D planar target or shelly target applied LRT. Simulation results show the barycenter could be located with relevant uncertainty of 0.0226.
The theoretical model and mathematical description of dual-balanced coherent detection ( or dual-balanced coherent detection ) are established，with which the current formula and output power formula of intermediate frequency (IF) signals are deduced. Theoretical analysis shows that this dual-balanced coherent detection technique can effectively solve the polarization matching of signal light and local light, and improve the stability of signal measurement, and reduce the influence on signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the system. Meanwhile, the technique also have the above advantages compared with single-balanced coherent detection. Hopefully, the dual-balanced coherent detection method could be applied in a wide range of fields.